Health and safety guidance and legislation
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- Health and Safety Inspections. The TUC has produced a guide to health and safety inspections . This is one of the main functions of a health and safety rep. This guide provides a useful health and safety inspection checklist and questionnaire for reps to use in their workplace.
- Risk assessments. The TUC has produced this guide to risks assessments. It's important that health and safety reps are fully involved and consulted on the process of risks assessments. The Health and Safety Executive advises employers to follow five steps when carrying out a workplace risk assessment: 1. Identify hazards. 2. Decide who may be harmed, and how 3. Assess the risks and take action 4. Make recordings of the findings 5. Review the risk assessment.
- Safety Representatives and safety committees regulations 1977 often referred to as the 'brown book' it details regulations, codes of practice and guidance for safety reps and includes good practice guidance by HSE and ACAS. The brown book also lists legislation that requires employers to consult with employees or safety reps.
- The management of Health and Safety at work regulations 1999 commonly known as the 'management regs' this sets out the duties on employers on what needs to be place to operate fully to comply with Health and Safety at work, such as apointing competent persons, providing workers with informaiton on Health and Safety and operating a written Health and Safety policy.
- The Health and Safety (Display Screen Equipment) Regulations 1992 sets out the main provisions that apply to display screen equipment (DSE) 'users', defined as workers who 'habitually' use a computer as a significant part of their normal work. This includes people who are regular users of DSE equipment, or rely on it as part of their job. This covers you if you use DSE for an hour or more continuously, and/or you are making daily use of DSE.
- The Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR) Under these Regulations, employers are required to report a wide range of work-related incidents, injuries and diseases to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE), or to the nearest local authority environmental health department. The Regulations require an employer to record in an accident book the date and time of the incident, details of the person(s) affected, the nature of their injury or condition, their occupation, the place where the event occurred and a brief note on what happened.
- The Working Time Regulations 1998 These Regulations implement two European Union directives on the organisation of working time and the employment of young workers (under 18 years of age). The Regulations cover the right to annual leave and to have rest breaks, and they limit the length of the working week.